The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence took place between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail which was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies relied on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated as the official repository of mail through the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and also the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office within the colonies, many of which remain around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of brand new York set up a monthly mailing post between New York and Boston. The post rider’s trail became known as Old Boston Post Road, which is a part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was point about this rider’s trail and is also considered one of the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania along with a leader inside the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from one plantation to another one.
Above all, Thomas Neale received a twenty-1 year grant in 1691 through the British Crown to begin a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt as a result of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights towards the North American postal service from your widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The us government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who has been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed from the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for your colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man named John Foxcroft of the latest York succeeded him, serving until the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
During his time as a Joint Postmaster General for your Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements in the colonial posts. He immediately started to reorganize the service; he inspected Usps Liteblue in the North so that as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were organized. The very first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and New York City, as well as the travel time was shortened in half.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. This is separate from the British crown and was funded by buying subscriptions. Net revenues were for use to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that the colonies come together to make a United Postal Service. He believed that this is a method to separate the colonies’ mail through the British postal inspectors. By doing this they could communicate colonial news just to the colonies. Goddard proposed his notion of a postal service to Congress two years before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists did not trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin have been dismissed of his post duties through the Crown for his actions. The crown thought that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the cause of the colonies. In September 1774, soon after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies begun to separate from England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to determine an independent government. One of the primary questions before the delegates was the best way to convey and provide you with the mail.
With the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications involving the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin because the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment from the organization that had become the Post Office Hours Today nearly two centuries later traces back for this date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus towards the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this particular position, as well as numerous others, to meet George Washington’s imagine an information highway between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea would be to become united, Washington believed, that as being a nation, we could forever be bound together by a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail in between the colonies and England was operating on the regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line in the system Franklin created, planned, and put into operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the cornerstone of the postal service which has performed magnificently for the American people.